Understanding Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy And The Health Benefits It Offers

HBOT or Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy refers to the medicated use of 100% pure oxygen which is poured in at an elevated pressure than the normal atmospheric level, in an enclosed chamber known as hyperbaric chamber. Being in practice since the 1600s, the hyperbaric therapy has found its clinical usage in the mid 1800s. Hyperbaric research and clinical trials in the 1950’s unveiled a number of benefits which can be derived from hyperbaric oxygen therapy. In late 1960s, Hyperbaric Oxygen Committee was developed by the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS) to supervise the effectiveness of the practice of hyperbaric medicine.

Hyperbaric therapy can be either carried hyperbaric chamber purchase out in small monoplace chambers which is suited for a single person as well as in large multi-place chambers which can accommodate more than ten people at a time. The effectiveness or the mode of treatment in both of these chambers are the same. In either case, the therapy session may last for about half an hour or can stretch up to couple of hours, depending on the unique conditions of the patients.

In monoplace HBOT chambers, the patient needs to lie down on a padded table, which is then slid into a plastic tube, about seven feet in length. As pure oxygen is poured in to the chamber, the pressure inside the tube is gradually increased to about 2.5 times than that of the normal atmospheric pressure. The patient needs to inhale and exhale normally during the therapy session. In case the patient feels any discomfort in breathing, then pressure is slightly decreased.

In multiplace HBOT chambers, the therapist or a medical practitioner usually monitors the entire session. The patients inside the chamber are provided with a close-fit plastic hood through which pressurized pure oxygen is supplied. The patient inhales the pure oxygen through the hood. The amount of pressure used in these types of hyperbaric chambers is generally four times than the normal atmospheric pressure.

Hyperbaric Oxygen therapy has several health benefits. Inhaling oxygen under higher atmospheric pressure strengthens the circulatory system. The treatment also stimulates blood supply to various organs in the body. It also clears the barrier that obstructs the adequate blood flow into the brain. The hyperbaric treatment is also known to stimulate the formation of superoxide dismutase (SOD).

Hyperbaric therapy is used for treating of air embolism. Embolism is a condition which is caused due to the presence of air bubbles in the bloodstream. Hyperbaric therapy has been found effective for treating decompression sickness, a condition mostly experienced by the scuba divers. In general, the therapy is used to treatment inflammation, radiation injury, carbon monoxide poisoning, thermal burns and cyanide poisoning. Many researches and studies have been conducted on hyperbaric treatment and its role in improving the conditions of autism. Though the medical faculties are yet to unanimously approve hyperbaric oxygen therapy as one of the treatments for Autism, many case studies have revealed that significant improvements have been noticed within an Autistic child post twenty sessions of hyperbaric therapy.